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Depression and Anxiety
AnxietyAll people feel anxious, nervous or worried at times. However, some people may experience a feeling that their worry is ‘out of control’ or it may start to interfere with their normal life.
The experience of anxiety will vary from person to person. Symptoms of anxiety may include:
- Excessive worrying - thoughts keep running through your head over and over again
- Hating uncertainty - wanting to know what is going to happen in the future and finding the experience of not knowing difficult to cope with
- Feeling restless - unable to relax, feeling on edge
- Physically tense - other physical symptoms may include trembling, sweating, faintness / dizziness, rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, upset stomach or nausea
- Trouble falling or staying asleep
- Problems concentrating
- Procrastinating - thinking about getting things done but putting them off because it all feels too much or too overwhelming
- Avoiding - avoiding situations which worry you or make you feel anxious or nervous
Your General Practitioner or Psychologist will be able to provide you with more information on these treatment options.
DepressionDepression is an illness that causes a person to feel sad and hopeless much of the time. It is different from normal feelings of sadness, grief, or low energy.
The symptoms of depression may include:
- Persistent sad, anxious or ‘empty’ mood
- Feelings of exhaustion a lot of the time, with no energy
- Having trouble concentrating, remembering, and making decisions
- Experiencing changes in eating and sleeping habits
- Losing interest in things that were previously enjoyed
- Feelings of guilt and hopelessness, wondering if life is worth living
- Experiencing increased physical complaints, such as fatigue or pain
- Increased irritability or frustration
- Spending less time with friends and family
Exercise and depressionRegular physical activity significantly reduces the risk of developing depression as well as being an effective treatment for those with mild – moderate depression.
How exercise improves depression:
- Exercise changes endorphin and monoamine (hormone) levels which improve our moods
- Exercise reduces the levels of the stress hormone (cortisol) produced – which leads to improvements in mood
- Increases social contact
- Provides a diversion from negative thoughts
- Assists with positive sleeping patterns
- Reduces fatigue levels